The Schmidt Sting Pain Index (Every Other Tuesday)

Hello fellow Entomologists! It’s Tuesday, and it’s time for a brand new post! I have talked in detail about Justin Schmidt. He is a famous Entomologist that invented the Schmidt Sting Pain Index. The index categorizes insect stings on a 1 to 4 scale with 4 being the most painful. He wrote a fantastic book called The Sting Of The Wild, which highlights his experiences with these dangerous insects. The Brave Wilderness Youtube channel also goes in depth about these insects, and I highly recommend subscribing to the channel because Coyote Peterson is god! This post will cover 2 different insects from the index and a quick description of them. I also will be covering an insect that has yet to be recorded on the index. Be warned! Some of these entries are quite scary! Each entry will have a link to the Brave Wilderness Channel where Coyote gets bitten/stung by these insects.

  • Giant Desert Centipede (Scolopendra heros) Schmidt Index Rating: ??? (Probably a 4) Size: Up to 8 in Habitat: Northern Mexico and the Southwestern United States Diet: rodents, amphibians, insects

The Giant Desert Centipede is one freaky critter with a bright red head and greenish black body. It primarily hunts at night, and has a highly potent venom. It has savage pincers which deliver an excruciating bite. Coyote admitted that it was more painful than a Bullet Ant, which is the highest ranked insect on the index. People who are bitten usually suffer headaches, nausea, lesions, and in worst cases, death. Don’t mess with this insect!

 

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiUm5mvyd3YAhUP2VMKHYPKC2UQtwIIMzAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DnWZMfPP34g8&usg=AOvVaw1e9-OyWIjT7kpT-ebNfx11

 

  • Warrior Wasp (Synoeca septentrionalis) Schmidt Index Rating: 4 Size: 0.79 in Habitat: Central and South America Diet: Nectar and pollen  

The incredibly creepy Warrior Wasp is one of the most infamous creatures on the Schmidt Pain Index. These insects are dark blue in color and have dangerously sharp stingers. This species of Paper Wasp is extremely aggressive and will sting if threatened. The stinger will fall off if this happens, and the insect will die. Schmidt described the pain of the sting as “pure torture, like being chained to the flow of an active volcano”. Coyote was in immense pain when stung, and his arm was paralyzed for 5 minutes. It’s terrifying that such a small creature can deliver such a painful sting. Be warned! This video will make you scared of bees!

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=11&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjolqba0t3YAhWEvVMKHVmYBHoQtwIIWzAK&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3Dunk6n3_QdlM&usg=AOvVaw0m6WvbCRKOfAOj2qSyXqUs

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Nature Is Amazing! (Every Other Tuesday)

Hello fellow nature lovers! It’s Tuesday, and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time for us to take a look at some more amazing creatures. Now, let’s start exploring!

  • Megamouth Shark (Megachasma pelagios) Size: Up to 18ft  Weight: 1,215 kg Depths found: 0-540 ft Habitat: The Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans

The Megamouth is an incredibly rare species of filter feeding shark. Only 63 specimens are known to exist, and it’s rarely seen by humans. The fish is quite large with a massive mouth. Its mouth can reach up to more than 4 ft in length, and it has more than 50 rows of teeth. Their diet consists of krill and other small organisms. It has bioluminescent tissue in its mouth, which helps it attract prey.

megamouth

 

  • Angel’s Trumpet (Brugmansia) Size: 10-30 cm Habitat: Tropical regions of South America

The Angel’s Trumpet is a beautiful, but deadly plant that grows in South America. It comes in many different colors, and has a very pleasant fragrance. While used in many types of medicine, it can still be extremely dangerous. The plant contains various tropane alkaloids, which have a variety of nasty effects. The effects include;  muscle paralysis, hallucinations, cycloplegia, diarrhea, insanity, and at worst cases, death.

angels trumpet 

Nature Is Awesome! (Every Other Tuesday)

All animals and other organisms found in various books and websites

Hello fellow outdoor enthusiasts! It’s Tuesday and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time to take a look at some more amazing organisms. Now, let’s start exploring!

  • Sundew (Drosera) Diet: Carnivorous  Size: Up to 100cm Habitat: Every Continent besides Antarctic. Every species is divided into several habitats based on climate.

The Sundew is a strange, carnivorous plant that’s nearly found world wide. It has green leaves and many reddish tentacles. These tentacles are covered in a sticky digestive enzymes, which are used to attract prey. The sweet smelling secretion attracts insects, and when they get too close, it attacks! The tentacle trap the poor bug, and begin to digest its body. After the bug’s demise, its nutrients will be absorbed through the leaves to the other parts of the plant. The Sundew also has many medicinal purposes such as being used in teas to prevent whooping cough and asthma attacks. 

sundew 

 

  • Corpse Flower (Rafflesia arnoldii) Size: 3 ft (The largest was 3.4 ft) Diet: Parasitic Habitat: The Rainforests of Sumatra Status: Becoming Endangered

The Rafflesia has the Guinness World Record for being the largest individual flower on Earth. It’s a parasitic organism that’s pollinated by Corpse Flies. It’s a bright red flower with many large, spotted leaves. It’s unisexual, and male and female flowers must be close by for successful pollination.  It can weigh up to a mighty 24 lbs, and is continuously dying out due to increased human activity. This disturbs the bud production of the plant.  The nickname, “Corpse Flower”, comes from the plant’s stench, which is said to resemble rotten flesh. It’s truly a fascinating plant that we must try to protect before they all become extinct.   

raflesia.jpg

Nature Is Awesome! (Every Other Tuesday)

Animals and plants found on various websites and books

Hello fellow nature lovers! It’s Tuesday, and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time for us to take a look at the amazing organisms found in nature. Now, let’s start exploring!

  • Manatee (Sirenia) Size: Up to 8.4 feet  Diet: Herbivore Habitat: Coastal areas of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico 

The Manatee is an adorable creature of the sea. It’s also one of the biggest Herbivores, weighing up to 1,300 lbs. They have a very peaceful disposition, and are quite fascinated by humans. They are fascinating  creatures with widely spaced eyes, and an incredibly prehensile upper lip. They have extremely high intellect, and can perform tasks like dolphins. The Manatee is also known as the “Sea Cow”.

mana Just look at that quite, squishy face!

 

  • Blister Bush (Notobubon galbanum) Size: Up to 2.5 metres Habitat: Table Mountain in South Africa 

The Blister Bush is a dangerous plant that’s native to South Africa. It’s in the same family as carrots, but eating them is a huge no no! The bush has leaves, which resemble parsley, and it’s very green in color. The bush carries a corrosive blend of chemicals which include; xanthotoxin, bergapten, and psoralen. These chemicals cause blistering within days of human contact. They explode with sunlight exposure, and if 5% or more of the body is covered, serious scarring will occur. It can be treated by applying the strongest SPF sunscreen to the irritated area. Despite its many dangers, the bush actually has powerful medicinal purposes. It’s used by people in rural Africa as a cure for kidney stones. It also can be used to prevent miscarriages. 

blister

Strange Animals From Around The World (Every Other Tuesday)

Info about animals found on various websites

Hello fellow animal lovers! It’s Tuesday, and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time for us to take a look at some more awesome animals. Now, let’s begin!

  • Honeypot Ant (Myrmecocystis) Size: Up to 15 mm Habitat: Arid to semiarid places like Mexico and Australia

The Honeypot ant is a strange type of worker ant with an extremely swelled abdomen. Their diet mainly consists of honey, and they can drain the abdomen to feed their entire colony. The ants are considered to be a delicacy in parts of Australia.

hp ant  

  • Antlion (Euroleon nostras) Size: Up to 30 mm Habitat: Europe Diet: Ants and small insects

The Antlion is a very unique insect that has an incredibly fascinating way to capture prey. The fully developed adult has large wings and a thin body. The larvae, on the other hand, has large jaws and a broader abdomen. They build sand traps that capture prey, and will suck out the body fluids.

anti 

More Fascinating Creatures of the Sea (Every other Tuesday)

Info about creatures found in Nouvian’s book, The Deep, and DK’s Ocean The Defintive Visual Guide

Hello fellow Marine Biologists! It’s Tuesday, and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time for us to take a look at some fascinating sea creatures. Now, grab your scuba suits, and let’s dive!

  • Crown-of-thorns Starfish (Acanthaster planci) Length: Up to 20 in Depths Found In: 3-65 ft In tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean

These strange species of Starfish are major problems for coral reefs. This creature only feeds on coral, and completes this task in a very strange way. The sea creature will turn its stomach out through its mouth and digest the coral’s tissue. The Crown-of-thorns Starfish is also slightly poisonous. It can inflict a painful wound if handled with bare hands.

crown-of-thorn

 

  • Stoplight Loosejaw (Malacosteus niger) Length: Up to 9 1/2 in Depths Found In: 3,300-13,000 ft In deep tropical and temperate waters worldwide

The Stoplight Loosejaw is a very fearsome creature of the deep sea. The fish is black in color, and has a huge mouth. The mouth has no floor, and a ribbon muscle is used to close it. This fish has two special photophores, which are located under each of its eyes. Despite that many bioluminescent lights are blue-green, this fish has an unique red light. Red lights are never seen in the deep, so this fish has the advantage of finding red prey undetected.

sto 

 

More Weird And Wonderful Insects (Tuesdays)

Hello fellow Entomologists! It’s Tuesday, and you know what that means! Yes, it’s time to add 2 more insects to the weekly post. I hope you guys are ready for some weird and amazing creatures. Now, grab a notepad and let’s get started!

  • What the heck is this monstrosity! Brazilian Treehopper (Bocydium globulare) (info about name from darkroastedblend.com) The Brazilian Treehopper is one of the most bizarre and grotesque insects on the planet. (darkroastedblend.com) They are usually brown in color, and have very strange, spherical, spiky appendages protruding from their backs. (listverse.com) This supposedly make it difficult to consume. (listverse.com) I think that definitely has to be one of the “freaks” of the insect world!

bt

  • BANG! All hail the king of ants! Bullet Ant (Paraponera clavata) (info about scientific name from en.wikipedia.org) The Bullet Ant is a small, but very dangerous insect that is found in lowland Nicaraguan rainforests and in the extreme east of Honduras. (en.wikipedia.org) The insect gets its name from its extremely painful sting that’s said to be equal to getting shot. (en.wikipedia.org) The sting is at the top of the Schmidt sting pain index, at a 4+ ranking. (en.wikipedia.org) These insects are used for the initiation ceremony of the Satere-Mawe tribe of Brazil. (en.wikipedia.org) The ceremony is used to transform boys into warriors. (en.wikipedia.org) The insects are woven into a glove that the boy is forced to wear for 10 minutes! (en.wikipedia.org) The poor boy must endure this torture 20 times to complete the ceremony. (en.wikipedia.org)

bulla